新西蘭佳沛Zespri計劃與中國種植者分享陽(yáng)光金果獼猴桃品種

mihoutao 2023 年 9 月 22 日18:05:22新西蘭佳沛Zespri計劃與中國種植者分享陽(yáng)光金果獼猴桃品種已關(guān)閉評論121 views閱讀模式

Bringing it all back home - Zespri shares kiwifruit pointers with Chinese growers. This video was first published in 2018.
Zespri's proposed deal to buy and market counterfeit golden kiwifruit grown in China has been met with trepidation within the industry, but a growers group says it might “stop the flow” of illicit fruit.

sungold g3 kiwifruit vine

▲sungold g3 kiwifruit vine

金果獼猴桃回家了,新西蘭佳沛Zespri計劃與中國種植者分享陽(yáng)光金果獼猴桃品種。該視頻于2018年首次發(fā)布。

Zespri提出的購買(mǎi)和銷(xiāo)售中國種植的假冒的G3黃金獼猴桃,這項計劃在新西蘭種植業(yè)主群內引起了恐慌,但是,金果種植者組織表示,會(huì )“阻止”這項交易。

sungold g3 Kiwifruit packaging

▲sungold g3 Kiwifruit packaging

The kiwifruit giant has signed the beginnings of a commercial deal with a state-owned Chinese firm, in a bid to capture 4000ha of unlicensed SunGold kiwifruit being grown in China that threatens the company’s stake in the market.

redkiwifruit

▲redkiwifruit

新西蘭佳沛公司已與四川國有資產(chǎn)管理公司簽署了一項商業(yè)協(xié)議,以收購在中國種植的4000公頃未經(jīng)許可的陽(yáng)光金果G3獼猴桃,這些產(chǎn)出的水果可能影響到佳沛現有的市場(chǎng)份額。

新西蘭佳沛攜手四川省開(kāi)展陽(yáng)光金果種植試點(diǎn)

▲新西蘭佳沛攜手四川省開(kāi)展陽(yáng)光金果種植試點(diǎn)

The deal would have Zespri buy and market the counterfeit fruit, and China’s government would help the company enforce its rights over SunGold, or G3 – an arrangement touted as a “win-win”.

這筆交易將讓Zespri購買(mǎi)并銷(xiāo)售四川本地種植的G3獼猴桃,中國地方政府將幫助該公司行使對SunGold,又稱(chēng)G3獼猴桃的權利——這一安排被吹捧為“雙贏(yíng)”。

redkiwifruit

▲redkiwifruit▲

New Zealand Kiwifruit Growers Incorporated (NZKGI) said the trial of a commercial arrangement with the Chinese growers was crucial to gain the Chinese government’s support in enforcing Zespri's plant variety rights.

新西蘭獼猴桃種植者股份有限公司(NZKGI)表示,與中國種植者進(jìn)行的商業(yè)協(xié)議試驗對于獲得中國政府在執行Zespri植物品種權方面的支持至關(guān)重要。

Kiwi pollination

▲Kiwi pollination▲

Zespri’s SunGold golden kiwifruit is a popular variety in both New Zealand and China.

Zespri的金果獼猴桃G3在新西蘭和中國市場(chǎng)都很受歡迎。

red kiwi tree

▲red kiwi tree

“Growers are, generally speaking, of the view that we need to do what we can to stop the flow [of counterfeit fruit], and if that means having this small scale trial with China to see how that might work ... we need to test that,” NZKGI chief executive Nikki Johnson said.

種植者聯(lián)盟公司首席執行官尼基·約翰遜(Nikki Johnson)說(shuō):“一般而言,種植者認為,我們需要盡我們所能阻止(假冒水果)的流通,如果這意味著(zhù)要在中國進(jìn)行這項小規模試驗,看看這可能會(huì )如何……我們需要對此進(jìn)行測試?!?。

golden g3 kiwifruit

▲golden g3 kiwifruit

NZKGI was yet to hear directly from growers about the project, and would do so at a meeting this week, Johnson said.

約翰遜說(shuō),種植者聯(lián)盟公司尚未直接聽(tīng)取新西蘭獼猴桃種植者關(guān)于該項目的意見(jiàn),并將在本周的一次會(huì )議上這樣做。

Kiwi packaging

▲Kiwi packaging▲

She had heard some concern that Zespri would be handing information and technology for SunGold production over to Chinese firms, but said “whether that's a great risk in China than it is in other markets, I'm just not sure”.

她聽(tīng)到有人擔心Zespri會(huì )將陽(yáng)光金果G3獼猴桃生產(chǎn)的信息和種植技術(shù)傳授給中國公司,但她表示,“這是一個(gè)巨大的風(fēng)險,我真的不確定?!?/p>

zespri kiwifruit Import and export

▲zespri kiwifruit Import and export

“I don't think they're [Zespri] about to open the door and hand over everything in year one.”

“我認為zespri佳沛不會(huì )在第一年打開(kāi)大門(mén),交出一切?!?/p>

golden kiwi tree

▲golden kiwi tree

Kiwifruit grower and Tauranga-based lawyer Marcus Wilkins said growers should be demanding more advice about Zespri’s China project, and a broader investigation was needed.

獼猴桃種植者和陶朗加區律師馬庫斯·威爾金斯(Marcus Wilkins)說(shuō),種植者應該要求更多關(guān)于Zespri中國金奇異果試種項目的建議,需要更廣泛的調查。

kiwifruit

▲kiwifruit▲

Some 4000ha of unlicensed SunGold kiwifruit is being grown in China, after the variety was stolen from Zespri. It’s broadly expected the illicit planting of SunGold will only expand.

中國現在種植了約4000公頃未經(jīng)許可的陽(yáng)光獼猴桃G3獼猴桃品種,此前該品種從Zespri流出。人們普遍預計,非法種植面積將進(jìn)一步擴大。

Red heart kiwi

▲Red heart kiwi

“There should be a thorough, independent, investigation into how this has arisen and whether the actions that are proposed are actually going to protect the taxpayers’ investment in this variety.”

“應該進(jìn)行徹底、獨立的調查,以了解這種情況是如何發(fā)生的,以及擬議的行動(dòng)是否真的會(huì )保護納稅人在這一品種上的投資?!?/p>

zespri goldenkiwifruit

▲zespri goldenkiwifruit

He said there may be “rationale” to attempting to buy the counterfeit fruit, however Zespri should be taking more steps to enforce intellectual property rights in China’s courts.

他說(shuō),佳沛管理層試圖購買(mǎi)假冒水果可能有“理由”,但Zespri公司應采取更多措施在中國法院強制執行知識產(chǎn)權。

陽(yáng)光金果g3獼猴桃

▲陽(yáng)光金果g3獼猴桃

“At the moment it's all just saying, 'Well this is what we're doing, aren't we clever’ … Where's the second opinion? There is never a second opinion in this industry.”

目前,一切都只是在說(shuō),‘好吧,這就是我們正在做的,我們聰明嗎?’…第二種意見(jiàn)在哪里?這個(gè)行業(yè)從來(lái)沒(méi)有第二種觀(guān)點(diǎn)?!?/p>

rubyred 寶石紅奇異果

▲rubyred 寶石紅奇異果

Wilkins said Zespri had previously run into trouble when illicit plantings of Hort16A, another gold variety, appeared in China in the early 2000s.

“History teaches that when you deal with totalitarian states, you need to be careful.”

威爾金斯說(shuō),當2000年代初另一種黃金品種Hort16A在中國出現非法種植時(shí),Zespri曾遇到過(guò)麻煩。

“歷史告訴我們,當你與極權國家打交道時(shí),你需要小心?!?/p>

sungold vine

▲sungold vine

Seeka chief executive Michael Franks said he doubted Zespri would have success enforcing its plant variety rights in China.

Seeka(新西蘭一家水果采后分裝公司)首席執行官邁克爾·弗蘭克斯(Michael Franks)表示,他懷疑Zespri能否在中國成功實(shí)施其植物品種權。

golden kiwi growing zone

▲golden kiwi growing zone

Michael Franks, chief executive of fruit grower and supplier Seeka, said Zespri had not yet made clear its plan, and it would struggle to enforce its plant variety rights (PVR) in China.

水果種植者和供應商Seeka的首席執行官邁克爾·弗蘭克斯(Michael Franks)表示,Zespri尚未明確其計劃,它將努力在中國強制執行其植物品種權(PVR)。

golden kiwifruit vine

▲golden kiwifruit vine

“The land that the G3 is grafted onto is owned by the provincial governments ... What's the motivation for them to give PVR protection when they've probably facilitated its expansion?” Franks said.

“G3被移植到的土地歸省政府所有……當他們可能已經(jīng)促進(jìn)了PVR的擴張時(shí),他們提供PVR保護的動(dòng)機是什么?”弗蘭克斯說(shuō)。

golden kiwi tree

▲golden kiwi tree

Franks said the success of SunGold relied on its post-harvest intellectual property, including the colour and temperature management.

Franks說(shuō)陽(yáng)光金果的成功依賴(lài)于其收獲后的專(zhuān)有技術(shù),包括顏色和溫度、儲存方面的管理。

golden kiwifruit

▲golden kiwifruit▲

“There might be an angle for Zespri in that, but honestly, we don't know much about it … I just don't truly think that's possible.

“佳沛的管理層可能從這個(gè)角度出發(fā),但老實(shí)說(shuō),我不認為這是可能的抑制仿冒品。

golden kiwifruit

▲golden kiwifruit▲

“The [counterfeit] fruit's going to look like Zespri, it's going to be in a box that's remarkably like Zespri, and so, it's not ideal and it will be sold at a fraction [of the cost].”

“這些(假冒)水果看起來(lái)像佳沛金果,裝在一個(gè)非常像佳沛公司的盒子里,但是,這些仿品的質(zhì)量卻不怎么樣,它將以比佳沛成本還低價(jià)格出售?!?/p>

sun gold kiwi plants

▲sun gold kiwi plants

He said Seeka had its own estimates of the counterfeit fruit’s potential damage to New Zealand growers’ returns, and it was “not a complete train wreck”.

他說(shuō),Seeka對假冒水果對新西蘭種植者的回報可能造成的損害有自己的估計,而且“這不是一次徹底的火車(chē)失事”。

yellow kiwi plants

▲yellow kiwi plants

Kiwi sapling

▲Kiwi sapling▲

佳沛陽(yáng)光金果

佳沛陽(yáng)光金果

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